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J Emerg Nurs. 2014 Nov;40(6):568-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jen.2013.10.007. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Incorporating screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment into emergency nursing workflow using an existing computerized physician order entry/clinical decision support system.

Author information

1
Pittsburgh, PA.
2
Pittsburgh, PA. Electronic address: avenkat@wpahs.org.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The objective of this study was to evaluate whether screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) could be incorporated into the emergency nursing workflow using a computerized physician order entry/clinical decision support system. We report demographic and operational factors associated with failure to initiate the protocol and revenue collection from SBIRT.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort analysis of a protocol adding SBIRT to the emergency nursing workflow of a single, tertiary care urban emergency department for all adult patient visits in 2012. Emergency nurses prescreened for unhealthy alcohol or drug use during triage assessment and, when positive, administered SBIRT during treatment area care, all documented in the computerized physician order entry/clinical decision support system. Using multivariable logistic regression, we report demographic and operational factors associated with failure to initiate the protocol. From October 2012, we submitted charges for brief interventions and analyzed collection results.

RESULTS:

The inclusion criteria were met for 47,693 visits. Of these, 39,758 (83.4%) received triage protocol initiation. Variables associated with decreased odds of protocol initiation were younger age (odds ratio [OR] for rising age, 1.044; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.042-1.045), arrival by ambulance (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.35-0.40), and higher triage acuity (OR, 0.08; 95% CI, 0.07-0.09). Of visits with protocol initiation, 21.4% were documented as positive for at-risk alcohol and/or drug use. However, brief interventions were only administered during 971 visits. During the billing period, $3617.53 was collected on charges of $10,829.15 for 262 completed brief interventions.

DISCUSSION:

In this study electronic documentation of adults with at-risk alcohol and/or drug use was feasible by emergency nurses, but SBIRT execution and subsequent revenue collection were challenging.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; CDS; CPOE; Drug; Emergency department; Nursing; SBIRT

PMID:
24332380
DOI:
10.1016/j.jen.2013.10.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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