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J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Dec 12;16:18643. doi: 10.7448/IAS.16.1.18643.

Socio-economic, behavioural, (neuro)psychological and clinical determinants of HRQoL in people living with HIV in Belgium: a pilot study.

Author information

1
Department of General Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Psychosomatics, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; SophieM.Degroote@UGent.be.
2
Department of General Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Psychosomatics, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
3
Department of General Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Psychosomatics, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium.
4
AIDS Reference Laboratory Ghent, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Clinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
5
Department of General Internal Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Psychosomatics, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Health Economics & Patient Safety, Hasselt University, Faculty of Business Economics, Diepenbeek, Belgium.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Due to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), HIV-1 infection has evolved from a lethal to a chronic disease. As such, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has become an important outcome variable. The purpose of this study was to identify socio-economic, behavioural, (neuro)psychological and clinical determinants of HRQoL among people living with HIV (PLHIV).

METHODS:

This study was conducted between 1 January and 31 December 2012 at the AIDS Reference Centre of Ghent University Hospital, a tertiary care referral centre in Belgium. Validated self-report questionnaires were administered to collect socio-demographic data, to assess HRQoL (Medical Outcomes Study-HIV), depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory-II) and adherence to HAART (Short Medication Adherence Questionnaire) and to screen for neurocognitive dysfunction.

RESULTS:

A total of 237 people participated, among whom 187 (78.9%) were male. Mean age was 45.8±10.7 years and 144 (63.7%, 144/226) participants were homosexual. Median physical and mental health score (PHS, MHS) were 55.6 (IQR 48.2-60.6) and 52.0 (IQR 44.2-57.9), respectively. Multivariable regression analysis revealed that incapacity to work, depressive symptoms, neurocognitive complaints (NCCs), dissatisfaction with the patient-physician relationship and non-adherence were all negatively associated with HRQoL.

CONCLUSIONS:

Socio-economic (work status), behavioural (adherence) and (neuro)psychological (depressive symptoms, NCCs) determinants independently impact HRQoL among this cohort of PLHIV. Clinical parameters (viral load, CD4 cell count) were not independently associated with HRQoL.

KEYWORDS:

AIDS; HIV; MOS-HIV; outcome; psychosocial; quality of life

PMID:
24331754
PMCID:
PMC3862978
DOI:
10.7448/IAS.16.1.18643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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