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Burns. 2014 May;40(3):374-87. doi: 10.1016/j.burns.2013.11.008. Epub 2013 Dec 9.

A systematic review of the literature to support an evidence-based precepting program.

Author information

1
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Army Burn Center, San Antonio, TX, United States. Electronic address: Elizabeth.A.Mannsalinas.mil@mail.mil.
2
US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Army Burn Center, San Antonio, TX, United States.
3
Army Medical Department Center and School, San Antonio, TX, United States.
4
Brooke Army Medical Center, TX, United States.
5
University of Texas, School of Nursing, Austin, TX, United States.

Abstract

AIM:

To provide a systematic review of the literature regarding development of an evidence-based Precepting Program for nurses transitioning to burn specialty practice.

BACKGROUND:

Burned patients are admitted to specialty Burn Centers where highly complex nursing care is provided. Successful orientation and integration into such a specialized work environment is a fundamental component of a nurse's ability to provide safe and holistic patient care.

DESIGN:

A systematic review of the literature was performed for the period 1995-2011 using electronic databases within PUBMED and Ovid search engines.

DATA SOURCES:

Databases included Medline, CINHAL, ProQuest for Dissertations and Thesis, and Cochran Collaboration using key search terms: preceptor, preceptee, preceptorship, precept*, nurs*, critical care, personality types, competency-based education, and learning styles.

REVIEW METHODS:

Nurses graded the level and quality of evidence of the included articles using a modified 7-level rating system and the Johns Hopkins Nursing Quality of Evidence Appraisal during journal-club meetings.

RESULTS:

A total of 43 articles related to competency (n=8), knowledge acquisition and personality characteristics (n=8), learning style (n=5), preceptor development (n=7), and Precepting Programs (n=14).

CONCLUSIONS:

A significant clinical gap existed between the scientific evidence and actual precepting practice of experienced nurses at the Burn Center. Based on this extensive review of the literature, it was determined that a sufficient evidence base existed for development of an evidence-based Precepting Program.

KEYWORDS:

Evidence-based practice; Literature review; Nursing; Precepting; Role transition

PMID:
24331408
DOI:
10.1016/j.burns.2013.11.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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