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Neurocase. 2015 Feb;21(1):73-8. doi: 10.1080/13554794.2013.860179. Epub 2013 Dec 12.

Verbal creativity in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia.

Author information

1
a Department of Neurology , University of California, San Francisco , San Francisco , CA , USA.

Abstract

Emergence of visual and musical creativity in the setting of neurologic disease has been reported in patients with semantic variant primary progressive aphasia (svPPA), also called semantic dementia (SD). It is hypothesized that loss of left anterior frontotemporal function facilitates activity of the right posterior hemispheric structures, leading to de novo creativity observed in visual artistic representation. We describe creativity in the verbal domain, for the first time, in three patients with svPPA. Clinical presentations are carefully described in three svPPA patients exhibiting verbal creativity, including neuropsychology, neurologic exam, and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Voxel-based morphometry (VBM) was performed to quantify brain atrophy patterns in these patients against age-matched healthy controls. All three patients displayed new-onset creative writing behavior and produced extensive original work during the course of disease. Patient A developed interest in wordplay and generated a large volume of poetry. Patient B became fascinated with rhyming and punning. Patient C wrote and published a lifestyle guidebook. An overlap of their structural MR scans showed uniform sparing in the lateral portions of the language-dominant temporal lobe (superior and middle gyri) and atrophy in the medial temporal cortex (amygdala, limbic cortex). New-onset creativity in svPPA may represent a paradoxical functional facilitation. A similar drive for production is found in visually artistic and verbally creative patients. Mirroring the imaging findings in visually artistic patients, verbal preoccupation and creativity may be associated with medial atrophy in the language-dominant temporal lobe, but sparing of lateral dominant temporal and non-dominant posterior cortices.

KEYWORDS:

aphasia; creativity; dementia; frontotemporal dementia; semantic dementia; semantic variant primary progressive aphasia; verbal creativity; visual creativity

PMID:
24329034
PMCID:
PMC4284199
DOI:
10.1080/13554794.2013.860179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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