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Nat Rev Neurosci. 2014 Jan;15(1):54-63. doi: 10.1038/nrn3640. Epub 2013 Dec 11.

Neurocriminology: implications for the punishment, prediction and prevention of criminal behaviour.

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Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior Problems and the Department of Psychology, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487, USA.
Departments of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Criminal behaviour and violence are increasingly viewed as worldwide public health problems. A growing body of knowledge shows that criminal behaviour has a neurobiological basis, and this has intensified judicial interest in the potential application of neuroscience to criminal law. It also gives rise to important questions. What are the implications of such application for predicting future criminal behaviour and protecting society? Can it be used to prevent violence? And what are the implications for the way offenders are punished?

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