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PLoS One. 2013 Dec 4;8(12):e80941. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080941. eCollection 2013.

Genome-wide association study for levels of total serum IgE identifies HLA-C in a Japanese population.

Author information

1
Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

Most of the previously reported loci for total immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels are related to Th2 cell-dependent pathways. We undertook a genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify genetic loci responsible for IgE regulation. A total of 479,940 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with total serum IgE levels in 1180 Japanese adults. Fine-mapping with SNP imputation demonstrated 6 candidate regions: the PYHIN1/IFI16, MHC classes I and II, LEMD2, GRAMD1B, and chr13∶60576338 regions. Replication of these candidate loci in each region was assessed in 2 independent Japanese cohorts (n = 1110 and 1364, respectively). SNP rs3130941 in the HLA-C region was consistently associated with total IgE levels in 3 independent populations, and the meta-analysis yielded genome-wide significance (P = 1.07×10(-10)). Using our GWAS results, we also assessed the reproducibility of previously reported gene associations with total IgE levels. Nine of 32 candidate genes identified by a literature search were associated with total IgE levels after correction for multiple testing. Our findings demonstrate that SNPs in the HLA-C region are strongly associated with total serum IgE levels in the Japanese population and that some of the previously reported genetic associations are replicated across ethnic groups.

PMID:
24324648
PMCID:
PMC3851760
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0080941
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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