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Neuroimage. 2014 Jan 15;85 Pt 1:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.11.033.

Twenty years of functional near-infrared spectroscopy: introduction for the special issue.

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Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, USA.


Papers from four different groups were published in 1993 demonstrating the ability of functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) to non-invasively measure hemoglobin concentration responses to brain function in humans. This special issue commemorates the first 20years of fNIRS research. The 9 reviews and 49 contributed papers provide a comprehensive survey of the exciting advances driving the field forward and of the myriad of applications that will benefit from fNIRS.


Brain function; Brain imaging; Cognitive neuroscience; Functional near-infrared spectroscopy; Hemoglobin; Neuro-development; Neuroscience; Neurovascular coupling; Optical imaging; fNIRS

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