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Child Fam Behav Ther. 2013;35(2). doi: 10.1080/07317107.2013.789362.

Combined Individual Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Parent Training for Childhood Depression: 2-3-Year Follow-Up.

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Judge Baker Children's Center and Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


Fourteen children with significant depressive symptoms from an open clinical trial of Primary and Secondary Control Enhancement Training augmented with Caregiver-Child Relationship Enhancement Training, participated in a 2-3-year follow-up assessment. The results suggested that the significant decreases in depressive symptoms observed at post-treatment were maintained at 2-3-year follow-up. Mothers' reports of significant improvement of child psychosocial functioning were also maintained, providing social validation of the effects. Pre-treatment child-rated mother-child relations predicted depressive symptoms at 2-3-year follow-up. These long-term data support the use of the combined intervention and suggest the need for further research on caregiver involvement in treatment.


childhood; cognitive behavior therapy; depression; family; parent training

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