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Photosynth Res. 1993 Feb;35(2):117-33. doi: 10.1007/BF00014743.

The cytochrome bc 1 complexes of photosynthetic purple bacteria.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, 79409-1061, Lubbock, Texas, USA.


Complete nucleotide sequences are now available for the pet (fbc) operons coding for the three electron carrying protein subunits of the cytochrome bc 1 complexes of four photosynthetic purple non-sulfur bacteria. It has been demonstrated that, although the complex from one of these bacteria may contain a fourth subunit, three subunit complexes appear to be fully functional. The ligands to the three hemes and the one [2Fe-2S] cluster in the complex have been identified and considerable progress has been made in mapping the two quinone-binding sites present in the complex, as well as the binding sites for quinone analog inhibitors. Hydropathy analyses and alkaline phosphatase fusion experiments have provided considerable insight into the likely folding pattern of the cytochrome b peptide of the complex and identification of the electrogenic steps associated with electron transport through the complex has allowed the orientation within the membrane of the electron-carrying groups of the complex to be modeled.


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