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Nat Genet. 2014 Jan;46(1):82-7. doi: 10.1038/ng.2848. Epub 2013 Dec 8.

Genetic variation of a bacterial pathogen within individuals with cystic fibrosis provides a record of selective pressures.

Author information

1
Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
2
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
3
Faculty of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.
4
Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
5
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
6
1] Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [2] Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [3] Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
7
1] Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [2] Faculty of Biology, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

Advances in sequencing technologies have enabled the identification of mutations acquired by bacterial pathogens during infection. However, it remains unclear whether adaptive mutations fix in the population or lead to pathogen diversification within the patient. Here we study the genotypic diversity of Burkholderia dolosa within individuals with cystic fibrosis by resequencing individual colonies and whole populations from single sputum samples. We find extensive intrasample diversity, suggesting that mutations rarely fix in a patient's pathogen population--instead, diversifying lineages coexist for many years. Under strong selection, multiple adaptive mutations arise, but none of these sweep to fixation, generating lasting allele diversity that provides a recorded signature of past selection. Genes involved in outer-membrane components, iron scavenging and antibiotic resistance all showed this signature of within-patient selection. These results offer a general and rapid approach for identifying the selective pressures acting on a pathogen in individual patients based on single clinical samples.

PMID:
24316980
PMCID:
PMC3979468
DOI:
10.1038/ng.2848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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