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Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2014 May 1;19(3):e232-6.

Risk factors for temporomandibular disorder: binary logistic regression analysis.

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Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Departamento de Clínica e Odontologia Preventiva, Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 1235, Cidade Universitária, 50670-901-Recife, PE-Brazil,



To analyze the influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors (gender, economic class, age and marital status) on the occurrence of temporomandibular disorder.


One hundred individuals from urban areas in the city of Recife (Brazil) registered at Family Health Units was examined using Axis I of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) which addresses myofascial pain and joint problems (disc displacement, arthralgia, osteoarthritis and oesteoarthrosis). The Brazilian Economic Classification Criteria (CCEB) was used for the collection of socioeconomic and demographic data. Then, it was categorized as Class A (high social class), Classes B/C (middle class) and Classes D/E (very poor social class). The results were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test for proportions, Fisher's exact test, nonparametric Mann-Whitney test and Binary logistic regression analysis.


None of the participants belonged to Class A, 72% belonged to Classes B/C and 28% belonged to Classes D/E. The multivariate analysis revealed that participants from Classes D/E had a 4.35-fold greater chance of exhibiting myofascial pain and 11.3-fold greater chance of exhibiting joint problems.


Poverty is a important condition to exhibit myofascial pain and joint problems.

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