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Med Image Anal. 2014 Feb;18(2):272-84. doi: 10.1016/j.media.2013.10.015. Epub 2013 Nov 16.

3D actin network centerline extraction with multiple active contours.

Author information

1
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA.
2
Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA.
3
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA. Electronic address: huang@cse.lehigh.edu.

Abstract

Fluorescence microscopy is frequently used to study two and three dimensional network structures formed by cytoskeletal polymer fibers such as actin filaments and actin cables. While these cytoskeletal structures are often dilute enough to allow imaging of individual filaments or bundles of them, quantitative analysis of these images is challenging. To facilitate quantitative, reproducible and objective analysis of the image data, we propose a semi-automated method to extract actin networks and retrieve their topology in 3D. Our method uses multiple Stretching Open Active Contours (SOACs) that are automatically initialized at image intensity ridges and then evolve along the centerlines of filaments in the network. SOACs can merge, stop at junctions, and reconfigure with others to allow smooth crossing at junctions of filaments. The proposed approach is generally applicable to images of curvilinear networks with low SNR. We demonstrate its potential by extracting the centerlines of synthetic meshwork images, actin networks in 2D Total Internal Reflection Fluorescence Microscopy images, and 3D actin cable meshworks of live fission yeast cells imaged by spinning disk confocal microscopy. Quantitative evaluation of the method using synthetic images shows that for images with SNR above 5.0, the average vertex error measured by the distance between our result and ground truth is 1 voxel, and the average Hausdorff distance is below 10 voxels.

KEYWORDS:

Actin filaments; Active contours; Curvilinear networks; Cytoskeleton; Normalized cuts

PMID:
24316442
PMCID:
PMC3945675
DOI:
10.1016/j.media.2013.10.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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