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Gac Sanit. 2014 Mar-Apr;28(2):163-5. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.09.006. Epub 2013 Dec 4.

[Healthy habits and osteoporosis prevention in perimenopausal women from rural areas].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería de Ourense, SERGAS, Ourense, España. Electronic address: mariareyes.perez.fernandez@sergas.es.
  • 2Dirección Xeral de Innovación e Xestión da Saúde Pública, Xunta de Galicia, Santiago de Compostela, A Coruña, España.
  • 3Servicio de Atención Primaria de Cangas, SERGAS, Cangas (Pontevedra), España.
  • 4Unidad de Apoyo a la Investigación, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Ourense (CHUO), Ourense, España.
  • 5Departamento de Ciencias Morfológicas, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña), España.
  • 6Departamento de Fisiología, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña), España.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The probability of developing osteoporosis decreases with an adequate supply of vitamin D, a balanced diet, and increased physical activity. In this study, we evaluated whether an educational intervention improves osteoporosis-related behavior in perimenopausal women from rural areas.

METHODS:

A randomized experimental evaluation was performed of an educational intervention. The variables were physical activity, calcium intake and sun exposure in women from rural areas aged 45-54 years (n=216) at time 0 and 12 months after the educational intervention. In the control group (n=106), the information was sent by surface mail (month 0). In the intervention group (n=110), two interactive workshops were given (month 0). The topic of the workshops and the information sent by surface mail was healthy habits for osteoporosis prevention.

RESULTS:

After 12 months, the intervention group, but not the control group, had increased their physical activity (p=0.006), sun exposure (p=0.029), and calcium intake (53% to 64%).

CONCLUSION:

A simple educational intervention in perimenopausal women from rural areas improved healthy habits for osteoporosis prevention.

KEYWORDS:

Actividad física; Calcio; Calcium; Educación sanitaria; Health education; Mujeres; Osteoporosis; Physical activity; Women

PMID:
24315409
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2013.09.006
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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