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Pain Manag Nurs. 2013 Dec;14(4):e164-e172. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2011.10.007. Epub 2011 Dec 14.

Nurses' views about the barriers and facilitators to effective management of pediatric pain.

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Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences, Kingston University-St. George's University of London, London, United Kingdom; Epsom and St. Helier NHS Trust, Carshalton, Surrey. Electronic address:


Children continue to experience moderate to severe pain during hospitalization. This paper presents data from two modified focus groups undertaken as part of a larger study exploring pediatric pain management practices in one hospital in the south of England. Thirty nurses took part in the focus groups and were asked questions about their views about the barriers and facilitators to effective pain management in the hospital. Participants identified a number of barriers which related to the staff, children and parents and the organization. Nurses indicated that they and the medical staff lacked knowledge about pain management. They also felt that staff shortages and a heavy workload detracted from the quality of the care they could provide. Several participants indicated that insufficient analgesic drugs were sometimes prescribed. Many of the barriers identified related to parents and children. It appears that nurses may not take as active a role as they could do in managing pediatric pain rather seeing it as the parents and child's responsibility to let them know when they are experiencing pain. Nurses also felt that parents exaggerate their child's pain and ask for analgesic drugs before their child needs them. There is a need to explore the interactions between nurses, children and parents in this context in more detail.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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