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Pain Manag Nurs. 2013 Dec;14(4):327-335. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2011.07.002. Epub 2011 Oct 6.

Cranial electrical stimulation improves symptoms and functional status in individuals with fibromyalgia.

Author information

1
Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville. Electronic address: agt@virginia.edu.
2
Center for the Study of Complementary and Alternative Therapies, University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
3
Division of Clinical Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Abstract

To investigate the effects of microcurrent cranial electrical stimulation (CES) therapy on reducing pain and its associated symptoms in fibromyalgia (FM), we conducted a randomized, controlled, three-group (active CES device, sham device, and usual care alone [UC]), double-blind study to determine the potential benefit of CES therapy for symptom management in FM. Those individuals using the active CES device had a greater decrease in average pain (p = .023), fatigue (p = .071), and sleep disturbance (p = .001) than individuals using the sham device or those receiving usual care alone over time. Additionally, individuals using the active CES device had improved functional status versus the sham device and UC groups over time (p = .028).

PMID:
24315255
DOI:
10.1016/j.pmn.2011.07.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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