Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Cardiol. 2014 Feb 1;113(3):546-51. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.10.017. Epub 2013 Nov 7.

Noninvasive cardiac output measurement by inert gas rebreathing in suspected pulmonary hypertension.

Author information

1
Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy.
2
Cardiologia Riabilitativa, Fondazione S. Maugeri, IRCCS, Milan, Italy.
3
Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; Cardiovascular Section, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
4
Centro Cardiologico Monzino, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; Cardiovascular Section, Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: piergiuseppe.agostoni@ccfm.it.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate inert gas rebreathing (IGR) reliability in cardiac output (CO) measurement compared with Fick method and thermodilution. IGR is a noninvasive method for CO measurement; CO by IGR is calculated as pulmonary blood flow plus intrapulmonary shunt. IGR may be ideal for follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), sparing the need of repeated invasive right-sided cardiac catheterization. Right-sided cardiac catheterization with CO measurement by thermodilution, Fick method, and IGR was performed in 125 patients with possible PH by echocardiography. Patients were grouped according to right-sided cardiac catheterization-measured mean pulmonary and wedge pressures: normal pulmonary arterial pressure (n = 20, mean pulmonary arterial pressure = 18 ± 3 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure = 11 ± 5 mm Hg), PH and normal pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PH-NW, n = 37 mean pulmonary arterial pressure = 42 ± 13 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure = 11 ± 6 mm Hg), and PH and high pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PH-HW, n = 68, mean pulmonary arterial pressure = 37 ± 9 mm Hg, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure = 24 ± 6 mm Hg). Thermodilution and Fick measurements were comparable. Fick and IGR agreement was observed in normal pulmonary arterial pressure (CO = 4.10 ± 1.14 and 4.08 ± 0.97 L/min, respectively), whereas IGR overestimated Fick in patients with PH-NW and those with PH-HW because of intrapulmonary shunting overestimation in hypoxemic patients. When patients with arterial oxygen saturation (SO2) ≤90% were excluded, IGR and Fick agreement improved in PH-NW (CO = 4.90 ± 1.70 and 4.76 ± 1.35 L/min, respectively) and PH-HW (CO = 4.05 ± 1.04 and 4.10 ± 1.17 L/min, respectively). In hypoxemic patients, we estimated pulmonary shunt as Fick - pulmonary blood flow and calculated shunt as: -0.2423 × arterial SO2 + 21.373 L/min. In conclusion, IGR is reliable for CO measurement in patients with PH with arterial SO2 >90%. For patients with arterial SO2 ≤90%, a new formula for shunt calculation is proposed.

PMID:
24315114
DOI:
10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.10.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center