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Biophys J. 2013 Dec 3;105(11):2485-94. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2013.09.035.

Short-chain phosphoinositide partitioning into plasma membrane models.

Author information

1
University of Washington School of Medicine, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Seattle, WA.

Abstract

Phosphoinositides are vital for many cellular signaling processes, and therefore a number of approaches to manipulating phosphoinositide levels in cells or excised patches of cell membranes have been developed. Among the most common is the use of "short-chain" phosphoinositides, usually dioctanoyl phosphoinositol phosphates. We use isothermal titration calorimetry to determine partitioning of the most abundant phosphoinositol phosphates, PI(4)P and PI(4,5)P2 into models of the intracellular and extracellular facing leaflets of neuronal plasma membranes. We show that phosphoinositide mole fractions in the lipid membrane reach physiological levels at equilibrium with reasonable solution concentrations. Finally we explore the consequences of our results for cellular electrophysiology. In particular, we find that TRPV1 is more selective for PI(4,5)P2 than PI(4)P and activated by extremely low membrane mole fractions of PIPs. We conclude by discussing how the logic of our work extends to other experiments with short-chain phosphoinositides. For delayed rectifier K(+) channels, consideration of the membrane mole fraction of PI(4,5)P2 lipids with different acyl chain lengths suggests a different mechanism for PI(4,5)P2 regulation than previously proposed. Inward rectifier K(+) channels apparent lack of selectivity for certain short-chain PIPs may require reinterpretation in view of the PIPs different membrane partitioning.

PMID:
24314079
PMCID:
PMC3853087
DOI:
10.1016/j.bpj.2013.09.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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