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BMC Med Genet. 2013 Dec 7;14:126. doi: 10.1186/1471-2350-14-126.

Sequencing of the IL6 gene in a case-control study of cerebral palsy in children.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, University of California, 675 Nelson Rising Lane, 94158, San Francisco, CA, USA. pouya.khankhanian@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a group of nonprogressive disorders of movement and posture caused by abnormal development of, or damage to, motor control centers of the brain. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs1800795, in the promoter region of the interleukin-6 (IL6) gene has been implicated in the pathogenesis of CP by mediating IL-6 protein levels in amniotic fluid and cord plasma and within brain lesions. This SNP has been associated with other neurological, vascular, and malignant processes as well, often as part of a haplotype block.

METHODS:

To refine the regional genetic association with CP, we sequenced (Sanger) the IL6 gene and part of the promoter region in 250 infants with CP and 305 controls.

RESULTS:

We identified a haplotype of 7 SNPs that includes rs1800795. In a recessive model of inheritance, the variant haplotype conferred greater risk (OR = 4.3, CI = [2.0-10.1], p = 0.00007) than did the lone variant at rs1800795 (OR = 2.5, CI = [1.4-4.6], p = 0.002). The risk haplotype contains one SNP (rs2069845, CI = [1.2-4.3], OR = 2.3, p = 0.009) that disrupts a methylation site.

CONCLUSIONS:

The risk haplotype identified in this study overlaps with previously identified haplotypes that include additional promoter SNPs. A risk haplotype at the IL6 gene likely confers risk to CP, and perhaps other diseases, via a multi-factorial mechanism.

PMID:
24314052
PMCID:
PMC3881497
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2350-14-126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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