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Nature. 1986 Nov 27-Dec 3;324(6095):369-72.

Ion channels in human neutrophils activated by a rise in free cytosolic calcium concentration.


A rapid, transient rise in the free cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) is one of the earliest events in neutrophil activation and is assumed to be involved in many of the subsequent cellular reactions. Both Ca2+ release from intracellular stores and Ca2+ influx from the extracellular space contribute to the rise in [Ca2+]i. In an attempt to assess the relative importance of these pools and the sequences leading to the rise in [Ca2+]i, we have studied the time course of changes in [Ca2+]i after stimulation with N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) or platelet-activating factor (PAF) using the Ca2+ indicators quin-2 and fura-2. We observed a time lag of 1-3 s between stimulation and rise in [Ca2+]i. This lag depends on the agonist concentration but is independent of extracellular Ca2+. Thus Ca2+ release from intracellular stores is rate limiting for the rise in [Ca2+]i. After this, cation channels in the plasma membrane (measured with the patch clamp method) are opened. These non-selective channels, which also pass Ca2+, are activated by the initial rise in [Ca2+]i, but by neither fMLP nor inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) directly.

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