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Science. 2013 Dec 6;342(6163):1254-8. doi: 10.1126/science.1244193.

MicroRNA-128 governs neuronal excitability and motor behavior in mice.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY 10065, USA.

Abstract

The control of motor behavior in animals and humans requires constant adaptation of neuronal networks to signals of various types and strengths. We found that microRNA-128 (miR-128), which is expressed in adult neurons, regulates motor behavior by modulating neuronal signaling networks and excitability. miR-128 governs motor activity by suppressing the expression of various ion channels and signaling components of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase ERK2 network that regulate neuronal excitability. In mice, a reduction of miR-128 expression in postnatal neurons causes increased motor activity and fatal epilepsy. Overexpression of miR-128 attenuates neuronal responsiveness, suppresses motor activity, and alleviates motor abnormalities associated with Parkinson's-like disease and seizures in mice. These data suggest a therapeutic potential for miR-128 in the treatment of epilepsy and movement disorders.

Comment in

PMID:
24311694
PMCID:
PMC3932786
DOI:
10.1126/science.1244193
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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