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J Pharm Sci. 2014 Feb;103(2):517-26. doi: 10.1002/jps.23808. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

Simulation of drug distribution in the vitreous body after local drug application into intact vitreous body and in progress of posterior vitreous detachment.

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Institute of Pharmacy, Center of Drug Absorption and Transport, EMA University of Greifswald, Greifswald, 17487, Germany.


Intravitreal injections and drug-loaded implants are current approaches to treat diseases of the posterior eye. To investigate the release of active agents and their distribution in the vitreous body, a new test system was developed that enables a realistic simulation of eye motions. It is called the eye movement system (EyeMoS). In combination with a previously developed model containing a polyacrylamide gel as a substitute for the vitreous body, this new system enables the characterization of the influence of eye motions on drug distribution within the vitreous body. In the presented work, the distribution of fluorescence-tagged model drugs of different molecular weight within the simulated vitreous was examined under movement with the EyeMoS and without movement. By replacing a part of the gel in the simulated vitreous body with buffer, the influence of the progress of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) on the distribution of these model substances was also studied. The results indicate that convective forces may be of predominate influence on initial drug distribution. The impact of these forces on drug transport increases with simulated progression of PVD. Using the EyeMoS, the investigation of release and distribution from intravitreal drug delivery systems becomes feasible under biorelevant conditions.


diffusion; distribution; drug transport; eye movement system; hydrogels; in vitro model; intravitreal injection; posterior vitreous detachment; vitreous body; vitreous model

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