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Z Psychosom Med Psychother. 2013;59(4):356-68.

[Patterns of dysfunctional parenting styles and psychological disturbances in offspring].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Univ.-Ass.Mag. Dr. Martin Kumnig, Medizinische Universität Innsbruck, Univ.-Klinik für Medizinische Psychologie, Schöpfstraße 23a,A-6020 Innsbruck, E-Mail:



Dysfunctional parenting styles represent a risk factor for the development of psychological disturbances. The present study investigated the differential validity of the German language Fragebogen zur Erfassung dysfunktionaler Erziehungsstile (FDEB; Measurement of Parental Styles, MOPS) and determined whether different forms of psychological disorders are associated with specific patterns of parenting styles.


145 inpatients, 108 outpatients and a control group of 633 representative individuals from the general population were investigated by adapting the FDEB.


A comparison of dysfunctional parenting styles showed different distress levels within the diagnostic groups: Patients suffering from depression reported high levels of maternal indifference and over protectiveness together with an abusive rearing behavior on the part of both parents. Patients with anxiety disorders reported having overprotective mothers. Bulimic patients as well as those with personality disorders significantly exhibited stress in almost all areas. However, anorexic patients did not differ significantly from the control group, which appeared to be the least affected of all.


The FDEB showed a satisfactory differential validity. There was evidence that specific patterns of dysfunctional parenting styles were associated with different diagnostic groups.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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