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J Nutr. 2014 Feb;144(2):137-45. doi: 10.3945/jn.113.183996. Epub 2013 Dec 4.

Acute dietary protein intake restriction is associated with changes in myostatin expression after a single bout of resistance exercise in healthy young men.

Author information

1
NUTRIM School for Nutrition, Toxicology, and Metabolism, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

Skeletal muscle satellite cells (SCs) play an important role in the myogenic adaptive response to exercise. It remains to be established whether nutrition plays a role in SC activation in response to exercise. In the present study, we assessed whether dietary protein alters the SC response to a single bout of resistance exercise. Twenty healthy young (aged 21 ± 2 y) males were randomly assigned to consume a 4-d controlled diet that provided either 1.2 g protein ⋅ kg body weight(-1) ⋅ d(-1) [normal protein diet (NPD)] or 0.1 g protein ⋅ kg body weight(-1) ⋅ d(-1) [low protein diet (LPD)]. On the second day of the controlled diet, participants performed a single bout of resistance exercise. Muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were collected before and after 12, 24, 48, and 72 h of post-exercise recovery. SC content and activation status were determined using immunohistochemistry. Protein and mRNA expression were determined using Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The number of myostatin + SCs decreased significantly at 12, 24, and 48 h (range, -14 to -49%; P < 0.05) after exercise cessation, with no differences between groups. Although the number of myostatin + SCs returned to baseline in the type II fibers on the NPD after 72 h of recovery, the number remained low on the LPD. At the 48 and 72 h time points, myostatin protein expression was elevated (86 ± 26% and 88 ± 29%, respectively) on the NPD (P < 0.05), whereas it was reduced at 72 h (-36 ± 12% compared with baseline) in the LPD group (P < 0.05). This study demonstrates that dietary protein intake does not modulate the post-exercise increase in SC content but modifies myostatin expression in skeletal muscle tissue. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01220037.

PMID:
24306214
DOI:
10.3945/jn.113.183996
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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