Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetologia. 2014 Feb;57(2):334-8. doi: 10.1007/s00125-013-3121-8. Epub 2013 Dec 5.

HOMA and Matsuda indices of insulin sensitivity: poor correlation with minimal model-based estimates of insulin sensitivity in longitudinal settings.

Author information

1
Department of Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, 100 S. Los Robles, 5th Floor, Pasadena, CA, 91101, USA, anny.h.xiang@kp.org.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Little is known about the performance of surrogates in assessing changes in insulin sensitivity over time. This report compared updated HOMA of insulin sensitivity (HOMA2-%S) and the Matsuda index from OGTTs with minimal model-based estimates of insulin sensitivity (SI) from frequently sampled IVGTTs (FSIGTs) in longitudinal settings and cross-sectional settings.

METHODS:

Two longitudinal studies were used: one a natural observational study in which 338 individuals were followed for a median of 4 years; one a clinical treatment study in which 97 individuals received pioglitazone treatment and were followed for 1 year. Pairs of OGTTs and FSIGTs were performed at baseline and follow-up. Correlations were computed. Impact of measurement uncertainty was investigated through simulation studies.

RESULTS:

Correlations between HOMA2-%S and SI from baseline or follow-up data were in the range reported previously (0.61-0.69). By contrast, correlations for changes over time were only 0.35-0.39. The corresponding correlations between the Matsuda index and SI were 0.66-0.72 for cross-sectional data and 0.40-0.48 for longitudinal change. Correlations for changes were significantly lower than the cross-sectional correlations in both studies (p < 0.03). Simulation results demonstrated that the reduced correlations for change were not explained by error propagation, supporting a real limitation of surrogates to fully capture longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

HOMA and Matsuda indices derived from cross-sectional data should be used cautiously in assessing longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity.

PMID:
24305964
PMCID:
PMC4139101
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-013-3121-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center