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Circ J. 2014;78(2):436-42. Epub 2013 Dec 4.

Soluble ST2 and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide combination. Useful biomarker for predicting outcome of childhoodpulmonary arterial hypertension.

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Departments of Pediatrics, National Defense Medical College.



Some potential biomarkers have been reported recently in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but the most clinically useful among these potential biomarkers, especially in childhood PAH, has not been identified. Therefore, this study investigated which biomarker is useful in assessing severity of and patient prognosis in childhood idiopathic PAH (IPAH)/heritable PAH (HPAH).


Fifty-nine patients who were younger than 16 years at onset of IPAH/HPAH were selected. The following 10 biomarker candidates were quantified: high-sensitivity troponin T, human heart fatty acid-binding protein, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), pentraxin-3, soluble ST2 (sST2), angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2), matrix metalloproteinase 2, tenascin C, endostatin (ES), and thymidine kinase. Functional characteristics and clinical outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. NT-proBNP, sST2, Ang-2, and ES correlated well with New York Heart Association class. On area under the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, sST2 had a significantly good relationship with prognosis. On Kaplan-Meier curve and univariate Cox regression analyses, elevated sST2 and NT-proBNP level predicted poor outcome of the present patients with childhood IPAH/HPAH. Furthermore, patients with elevated sST2 had significantly worse prognosis among those with high NT-proBNP.


The sST2 and NT-proBNP combination is a useful biomarker to predict clinical condition and outcome in patients with childhood IPAH/HPAH.  

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