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Clin Exp Immunol. 2014 May;176(2):172-9. doi: 10.1111/cei.12246.

Mycophenolate mofetil in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis: a prospective pharmacokinetics and clinical study.

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Department of Immunology and Nephrology, Tours University Hospital, Tours, France; Department of Internal Medicine, Tours University Hospital, Tours, France; Université François Rabelais, Tours, France.


Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) treatment strategy is based on immunosuppressive agents. Little information is available concerning mycophenolic acid (MPA) and the area under the curve (AUC) in patients treated for AAV. We evaluated the variations in pharmacokinetics for MPA in patients with AAV and the relationship between MPA-AUC and markers of the disease. MPA blood concentrations were measured through the enzyme-multiplied immunotechnique (C(0), C(30), C(1), C(2), C(3), C(4), C(6) and C(9)) to determine the AUC. Eighteen patients were included in the study. The median (range) MPA AUC(0-12) was 50·55 (30·9-105·4) mg/h/l. The highest coefficient of determination between MPA AUC and single concentrations was observed with C(3) (P < 0·0001) and C(2) (P < 0·0001) and with C(4) (P < 0·0005) or C(0) (P < 0·001). Using linear regression, the best estimation of MPA AUC was provided by a model including C(30), C(2) and C(4): AUC = 8·5 + 0·77 C(30) + 4·0 C(2) + 1·7 C(4) (P < 0·0001). Moreover, there was a significant relationship between MPA AUC(0-12) and lymphocyte count (P < 0·01), especially CD19 (P < 0·005), CD8 (P < 0·05) and CD56 (P < 0·05). Our results confirm the interindividual variability of MPA AUC in patients treated with MMF in AAV and support a personalized therapy according to blood levels of MPA.


anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis; mycophenolate mofetil; pharmacokinetics

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