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Nat Nanotechnol. 2013 Dec;8(12):899-911. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2013.243.

Topological properties and dynamics of magnetic skyrmions.

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1
1] RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Wako 351-0198, Japan [2] Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.

Abstract

Magnetic skyrmions are particle-like nanometre-sized spin textures of topological origin found in several magnetic materials, and are characterized by a long lifetime. Skyrmions have been observed both by means of neutron scattering in momentum space and microscopy techniques in real space, and their properties include novel Hall effects, current-driven motion with ultralow current density and multiferroic behaviour. These properties can be understood from a unified viewpoint, namely the emergent electromagnetism associated with the non-coplanar spin structure of skyrmions. From this description, potential applications of skyrmions as information carriers in magnetic information storage and processing devices are envisaged.

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PMID:
24302027
DOI:
10.1038/nnano.2013.243
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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