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Life Sci. 1986 Oct 20;39(16):1429-37.

Effect of chronically administered methylxanthines on ethanol-induced motor incoordination in mice.


The effect of chronic (10 days) administration of methylxanthines, caffeine, IBMX and theophylline on acute ethanol-induced motor incoordination has been investigated in the mice. In animals that received caffeine, 45 and 90 mg/kg/24 h, ethanol, 1.5 g/kg, produced motor incoordination significantly greater compared to that in the control groups. Significantly greater ethanol-induced motor incoordination was seen in animals fed IBMX, 30 and 60 mg/kg/24 h, compared to controls. Ethanol-induced increased motor incoordination in caffeine and IBMX-fed animals was also associated with significantly greater 3H-R-PIA binding in whole brains compared to tap water controls indicating an increase in brain adenosine binding sites. However neither motor incoordination nor 3H-R-PIA binding was altered in theophylline 75 and 150 mg/kg/24 h, fed animals. The increased motor incoordination associated with increased adenosine binding sites in the brains of caffeine and IBMX-fed animals suggests an involvement of central adenosine mechanisms in the motor incoordinating effect of ethanol and further supports our earlier suggestion for the role of adenosine in some of the central effects of ethanol.

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