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J Vis Exp. 2013 Nov 9;(81):e50732. doi: 10.3791/50732.

A seed coat bedding assay to genetically explore in vitro how the endosperm controls seed germination in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Author information

1
Département de Botanique et de Biologie Végétale, Université de Genève.

Abstract

The Arabidopsis endosperm consists of a single cell layer surrounding the mature embryo and playing an essential role to prevent the germination of dormant seeds or that of nondormant seeds irradiated by a far red (FR) light pulse. In order to further gain insight into the molecular genetic mechanisms underlying the germination repressive activity exerted by the endosperm, a "seed coat bedding" assay (SCBA) was devised. The SCBA is a dissection procedure physically separating seed coats and embryos from seeds, which allows monitoring the growth of embryos on an underlying layer of seed coats. Remarkably, the SCBA reconstitutes the germination repressive activities of the seed coat in the context of seed dormancy and FR-dependent control of seed germination. Since the SCBA allows the combinatorial use of dormant, nondormant and genetically modified seed coat and embryonic materials, the genetic pathways controlling germination and specifically operating in the endosperm and embryo can be dissected. Here we detail the procedure to assemble a SCBA.

PMID:
24300527
PMCID:
PMC3989494
DOI:
10.3791/50732
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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