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Channels (Austin). 2014;8(1):13-9. doi: 10.4161/chan.27178. Epub 2013 Dec 3.

New insights into TRP channels: Interaction with pattern recognition receptors.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology; Shandong University School of Medicine; Jinan, PR China; Department of Pharmacology; Weifang Medical University; Weifang, PR China.
2
Department of Pharmacology; Shandong University School of Medicine; Jinan, PR China.

Abstract

An increasing number of studies have implicated that the activation of innate immune system and inflammatory mechanisms are of importance in the pathogenesis of numerous diseases. The innate immune system is present in almost all multicellular organisms in response to pathogens or tissue injury, which is performed via germ-line encoded pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs) to recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) or dangers-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). Intracellular pathways linking immune and inflammatory response to ion channel expression and function have been recently identified. Among ion channels, transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are a major family of non-selective cation-permeable channels that function as polymodal cellular sensors involved in many physiological and pathological processes. In this review, we summarize current knowledge about classifications, functions, and interactions of TRP channels and PRRs, which may provide new insights into their roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases.

KEYWORDS:

Ca2+ influx; NLR; TLR; TRP channels; immune homeostasis; inflammation

PMID:
24299922
PMCID:
PMC4048338
DOI:
10.4161/chan.27178
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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