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Carbohydr Polym. 2014 Jan 30;101:769-75. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.09.101. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

A review on engineering of cellulosic cigarette paper to reduce carbon monoxide delivery of cigarettes.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology of Ministry of Education, Material Science and Engineering College, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China.

Abstract

In cigarette production, the cellulosic paper essentially derived from flax fibers or other fiber materials is used as the wrapping material. During smoking of cigarettes, the highly toxic carbon monoxide is produced. To decrease the amount of carbon monoxide emission in the mainstream smoke, the engineering of all cigarette components including cellulosic cigarette paper and tobacco column is critical. This review summarizes the concepts related to engineering of cigarette paper. These mainly include permeability control, increased use of burn additives, optimization of fiber basis weight, engineering of calcium carbonate fillers, and incorporation of catalysts/oxidants. In particular, catalytic and/or oxidative conversion of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide has been very widely reported. The control of permeability/diffusivity of cigarette paper is also of critical importance for enhanced diffusion of carbon monoxide out of the cigarette. The development of new concepts and combination of various concepts may lead to breakthroughs in this area.

KEYWORDS:

Carbon monoxide delivery; Cellulosic cigarette paper; Mainstream smoke; Smoking; Tobacco products

PMID:
24299837
DOI:
10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.09.101
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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