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Inorg Chem. 2013 Dec 16;52(24):14309-16. doi: 10.1021/ic402278c. Epub 2013 Dec 2.

Synthetic and coordination chemistry of the heavier trivalent technetium binary halides: uncovering technetium triiodide.

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Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada-Las Vegas , Las Vegas, Nevada 89154, United States.


Technetium tribromide and triiodide were obtained from the reaction of the quadruply Tc-Tc-bonded dimer Tc2(O2CCH3)4Cl2 with flowing HX(g) (X = Br, I) at elevated temperatures. At 150 and 300 °C, the reaction with HBr(g) yields TcBr3 crystallizing with the TiI3 structure type. The analogous reactions with flowing HI(g) yield TcI3, the first technetium binary iodide to be reported. Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) measurements show the compound to be amorphous at 150 °C and semicrystalline at 300 °C. X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy indicates TcI3 to consist of face-sharing TcI6 octahedra. Reactions of technetium metal with elemental iodine in a sealed Pyrex ampules in the temperature range 250-400 °C were performed. At 250 °C, no reaction occurred, while the reaction at 400 °C yielded a product whose PXRD pattern matches the one of TcI3 obtained from the reaction of Tc2(O2CCH3)4Cl2 and flowing HI(g). The thermal stability of TcBr3 and TcI3 was investigated in Pyrex and/or quartz ampules at 450 °C under vacuum. Technetium tribromide decomposes to Na{[Tc6Br12]2Br} in a Pyrex ampule and to technetium metal in a quartz ampule; technetium triiodide decomposes to technetium metal in a Pyrex ampule.

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