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Exp Clin Cardiol. 2013 Winter;18(1):e60-4.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched diet differentially protects two subpopulations of myocardial mitochondria against Ca(2+)-induced injury.

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Department of General and Molecular Pathophysiology, AA Bogomoletz Institute of Physiology, Kiev, Ukraine.


Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) confer protection against myocardial injury after ischemia-reperfusion. There are two subfractions of mitochondria located in different regions of the cell: subsarcolemmal mitochondria (SSM) and interfibrillar mitochondria (IFM). The present study explored possible differences between Ca(2+)-induced mitochondrial swelling in rat SSM and IFM fractions under control conditions (control group [CG]) and after dietary supplementation with omega-3 PUFA (experimental group [EG]). Changes in mitochondrial matrix volumes were measured using the light-scattering technique. In the CG, the time courses of swelling were comparable in both mitochondrial fractions, with no difference in Ca(2+)-induced swelling between the two mitochondrial fractions. In the SSM fraction, no difference in the time course of swelling in Ca(2+)-free solution between CG and EG was detected. In the EG, both SSM and IFM fractions demonstrated a decreased sensitivity to Ca(2+); IFM fractions, however, exhibited significantly less pronounced swelling following Ca(2+) addition. The authors conclude that IFM and SSM fractions do not differ in their sensitivity to Ca(2+)-induced swelling. While dietary omega-3 PUFA protected both mitochondrial fractions against Ca(2+)-evoked swelling, the protective effect appeared to be more pronounced for the IFM fraction than for the SSM fraction.


Ca2+ sensitivity; Cardioprotection; Interfibrillar; Mitochondria; Omega-3 PUFA; Subsarcolemmal


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