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Parasitol Int. 2014 Apr;63(2):300-2. doi: 10.1016/j.parint.2013.11.005. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

First case of peritoneal cystic echinococcosis in a domestic cat caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (genotype 1) associated to feline immunodeficiency virus infection.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: mtarmua@vetparas.uzh.ch.
  • 2Departamento de Parasitología y Enfermadades Parasitarias, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • 3Departamento de Anatomía Patológica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.
  • 4Private veterinary practice, Rocha, Uruguay.
  • 5Clinical Laboratory, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.
  • 6Institute of Parasitology, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Abstract

A new cystic echinococcosis case in a cat in Uruguay is reported herein. The cat was taken to a veterinary clinic in Rocha city, Uruguay, due to dyspnea, constipation and abdominal enlargement. During surgery a large quantity of cysts was retrieved from the abdominal cavity. The cysts were morphologically studied and confirmed as Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto (genotype 1) by molecular tools using cytochrome oxidase submit 1 and small subunit ribosomal RNA gene as target genes. Moreover, for the first time a coinfection with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was detected. FIV-induced immunosuppression could be a determining factor in the development of cystic echinococcosis in cats.

KEYWORDS:

Domestic cat; Echinococcus granulosus; Feline immunodeficiency virus; Hydatid cyst

PMID:
24291289
DOI:
10.1016/j.parint.2013.11.005
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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