Send to

Choose Destination
J Reprod Immunol. 2013 Dec;100(2):135-45. doi: 10.1016/j.jri.2013.10.005. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Phenotypic characterisation of immune cell infiltrates in testicular germ cell neoplasia.

Author information

Department of Growth and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital, Section 5064, Blegdamsvej 9, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.


Immune cells often infiltrate testicular germ cell neoplasms, including pre-invasive carcinoma in situ (CIS), but the significance of this phenomenon remains unknown. The composition and distribution of infiltrating immune cells were examined by immunohistochemistry in testis samples with CIS and overt seminoma, in comparison to biopsies from infertile men without neoplasia. The composition of immune cells was similar across all the groups studied. Macrophages, CD8⁺ and CD45R0⁺ T lymphocytes constituted the majority of infiltrates, B lymphocytes were present in an intermediate proportion and very few CD4⁺ and FoxP3⁺ T cells were detected. HLA-I antigen was more abundant in Sertoli cells in tubules containing CIS than in those with normal spermatogenesis. This study showed a phenotypically comparable composition of infiltrating immune cells independently of the presence of neoplasia, suggesting the absence of active immune surveillance in testicular germ cell cancer.


Carcinoma in situ; Germ cell tumour; Immune cell infiltration; Immune privilege; Immune surveillance; Testis

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center