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Trends Microbiol. 2014 Jan;22(1):36-41. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2013.11.001. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

The role of aquatic ecosystems as reservoirs of antibiotic resistance.

Author information

1
Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit, 101, 17003 Girona, Spain.
2
Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA), Scientific and Technological Park of the University of Girona, Emili Grahit, 101, 17003 Girona, Spain. Electronic address: jlbalcazar@icra.cat.

Abstract

Although antibiotic resistance has become a major threat to human health worldwide, this phenomenon has been largely overlooked in studies in environmental settings. Aquatic environments may provide an ideal setting for the acquisition and dissemination of antibiotic resistance, because they are frequently impacted by anthropogenic activities. This review focuses primarily on the emergence and dissemination of antibiotic resistance in the aquatic environment, with a special emphasis on the role of antibiotic resistance genes.

KEYWORDS:

antibiotic resistance; antibiotic resistance genes; aquatic environments; bacteria; bacteriophages; mobile genetic elements

PMID:
24289955
DOI:
10.1016/j.tim.2013.11.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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