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Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Jan;50(1):101-3. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2013.07.020. Epub 2013 Nov 25.

The ketogenic diet for the treatment of pediatric status epilepticus.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Section of Epilepsy, Lurie Children's Hospital, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: SEOConnor1@aol.com.
2
The Children's Health Center, Duke University Hospital, Durham, North Carolina.
3
Pennsylvania State Hershey Children's Hospital, Hershey, Pennsylvania.
4
Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children, Orlando, Florida.
5
Children's Hospital of Orange County, Orange, California.
6
Ketogenic Therapies LLC, Elm Grove, Wisconsin.

Erratum in

  • Pediatr Neurol. 2014 Aug;51(2):286. Ream, Margie A [added]; Mikati, Mohamad A [added].

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Refractory status epilepticus carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality for children. Traditional treatment of status epilepticus consists of multiple anticonvulsant drugs and, if needed, induction of a medical coma. The ketogenic diet has been used for intractable epilepsy for many years. The purpose of this article is to report a case series of five patients with refractory status epilepticus successfully managed with the ketogenic diet.

METHODS:

A summary of pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus treated with diet was performed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ketogenic diet therapy should be considered as a treatment option in pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus.

KEYWORDS:

epilepsy; ketogenic diet; pediatric; refractory; status epilepticus; treatment

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