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Am J Clin Nutr. 2014 Jan;99(1):62-70. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.038927. Epub 2013 Nov 27.

Branched-chain amino acid requirements for enterally fed term neonates in the first month of life.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Emma's Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands (FdG, JBvG, and HS); the Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, Netherlands (JBvG, LH, and IvV); the Division of Neonatology, Erasmus Medical Center, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, Netherlands (GJV and LCWR); the Hospital Pharmacy, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands (AV); and the Division of Neonatology (CC) and the Department of Gastro-Enterology (YH), Fudan Children's Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Knowledge of essential amino acid requirements in infants is important because excessive intake of protein can lead to increased long-term morbidity such as obesity. A deficient intake may lead to suboptimal growth and impaired neurodevelopment. The current recommended branched-chain amino acid requirements in infants aged 0-1 mo are based on the amino acid content of human milk.

OBJECTIVE:

We quantified the requirements for isoleucine, leucine, and valine for term neonates by using the indicator amino acid oxidation method with [1-(13)C]phenylalanine as the indicator.

DESIGN:

Fully enterally fed term infants received randomly graded amounts of isoleucine (5-216 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1)), leucine (5-370 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1)), or valine (5-236 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1)) as part of an elemental formula. Data are expressed as means ± SDs.

RESULTS:

Eighty-three Asian, term neonates (mean ± SD birth weight: 3.3 ± 0.4 kg; gestational age: 39.4 ± 1.3 wk) were studied at a postnatal age of 13 ± 5 d. Mean requirements for isoleucine, leucine, and valine (measured in boys only) were 105 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1) (r(2) = 0.61, P < 0.001), 140 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1) (r(2) = 0.26, P < 0.01), and 110 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1) (r(2) = 0.35, P = 0.001), respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Current human milk-based recommendations for isoleucine and valine in term infants aged 0-1 mo are correct. However, the current recommendation for leucine (166 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1)) is higher than the mean requirement of 140 mg · kg(-1) · d(-1) that we determined in this study. This trial was registered at www.trialregister.nl as NTR1610.

PMID:
24284437
DOI:
10.3945/ajcn.112.038927
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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