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World J Surg Oncol. 2013 Nov 28;11:306. doi: 10.1186/1477-7819-11-306.

Correlation of bevacizumab-induced hypertension and outcomes of metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with bevacizumab: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Tongji Medical College, Cancer Center of Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, PR China.



With the wide application of targeted drug therapies, the relevance of prognostic and predictive markers in patient selection has become increasingly important. Bevacizumab is commonly used in combination with chemotherapy in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer. However, there are currently no predictive or prognostic biomarkers for bevacizumab. Several clinical studies have evaluated bevacizumab-induced hypertension in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. This meta-analysis was performed to better determine the association of bevacizumab-induced hypertension with outcome in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, and to assess whether bevacizumab-induced hypertension can be used as a prognostic factor in these patients.


We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis on seven published studies to investigate the relationship between hypertension and outcome of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with bevacizumab. Our primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS) and overall response rate (ORR). Hazard ratios (HRs) for PFS and OS were extracted from each trial, and the log of the relative risk ratio (RR) was estimated for ORR.


The occurrence of bevacizumab-induced hypertension in patients was highly associated with improvements in PFS (HR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.46-0.72; P <0.001), OS (HR = 0.50; 95% CI: 0.37-0.68; P <0.001), and ORR (RR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.07-2.30, P <0.05), as compared to patients without hypertension.


Bevacizumab-induced hypertension may represent a prognostic factor in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.

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