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Hum Mol Genet. 2014 Apr 15;23(8):2030-42. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddt598. Epub 2013 Nov 26.

Metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 knockout promotes motor and biochemical alterations in a mouse model of Huntington's disease.

Author information

1
Departamento de Bioquimica e Imunologia, ICB, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 31270-901, Brazil.

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal-dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by a polyglutamine expansion in the amino-terminal region of the huntingtin protein, which promotes progressive neuronal cell loss, neurological symptoms and death. In the present study, we show that blockade of mGluR5 with MTEP promotes increased locomotor activity in both control (Hdh(Q20/Q20)) and mutant HD (Hdh(Q111/Q111)) mice. Although acute injection of MTEP increases locomotor activity in both control and mutant HD mice, locomotor activity is increased in only control mice, not mutant HD mice, following the genetic deletion of mGluR5. Interestingly, treatment of mGluR5 knockout mice with either D1 or D2 dopamine antagonists eliminates the increased locomotor activity of mGluR5 knockout mice. Amphetamine treatment increases locomotor activity in control mice, but not mGluR5 null mutant HD mice. However, the loss of mGluR5 expression improves rotarod performance and decreases the number of huntingtin intranuclear inclusions in mutant HD mice. These adaptations may be due to mutant huntingtin-dependent alterations in gene expression, as microarray studies have identified several genes that are altered in mutant, but not wild-type HD mice lacking mGluR5 expression. qPCR experiments confirm that the mRNA transcript levels of dynein heavy chain, dynactin 3 and dynein light chain-6 are altered following the genetic deletion of mGluR5 in mutant HD mice, as compared with wild-type mutant HD mice. Thus, our data suggest that mutant huntingtin protein and mGluR5 exhibit a functional interaction that may be important for HD-mediated alterations in locomotor behavior and the development of intranuclear inclusions.

PMID:
24282028
DOI:
10.1093/hmg/ddt598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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