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PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(11):e1003750. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1003750. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

A unique SUMO-2-interacting motif within LANA is essential for KSHV latency.

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MOE & MOH Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Virology, School of Basic Medical Science, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China ; Department of Microbiology and Abramson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States of America.


Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) stabilizes hypoxia-inducible factor α (HIF-1α) during latent infection, and HIF-1α reactivates lytic replication under hypoxic stress. However, the mechanism utilized by KSHV to block lytic reactivation with the accumulation of HIF-1α in latency remains unclear. Here, we report that LANA encoded by KSHV contains a unique SUMO-interacting motif (LANA(SIM)) which is specific for interaction with SUMO-2 and facilitates LANA SUMOylation at lysine 1140. Proteomic and co-immunoprecipitation analysis further reveal that the SUMO-2 modified transcription repressor KAP1 is a critical factor recruited by LANA(SIM). Deletion of LANA(SIM) led to functional loss of both LANA-mediated viral episome maintenance and lytic gene silencing. Moreover, hypoxia reduced KAP1 SUMOylation and resulted in dissociation of both KAP1 and Sin3A repressors from LANA(SIM)-associated complex. Therefore, the LANA(SIM) motif plays an essential role in KSHV latency and is a potential drug target against KSHV-associated cancers.

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