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Int J Hematol. 2014 Jan;99(1):32-40. doi: 10.1007/s12185-013-1475-9. Epub 2013 Nov 26.

JAK2V617F allele burden is associated with thrombotic mechanisms activation in polycythemia vera and essential thrombocythemia patients.

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1
Serviço Hematologia, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, Av. Afonso Romão, Santo António dos Olivais, 3000-075, Coimbra, Portugal, margarida.coucelo@chc.min-saude.pt.

Abstract

The clinical courses of polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) are characterized by thrombohemorrhagic diathesis. Several groups have suggested an association between JAK2V617F mutation and thrombosis. We hypothesized a relationship between JAK2V617F allele burden, cellular activation parameters, and thrombosis. We evaluated a group of PV and ET patients using flow cytometry: platelet CD62P, CD63, and dense granules, platelet-leukocyte aggregates (PLA), leukocyte CD11b and monocyte tissue factor (TF) expression. All patients had increased baseline platelet CD62P and CD63 expression (p < 0.05); 71 % of PV and 47 % of ET presented with a storage pool disease. Leukocyte CD11b, TF, and PLA were elevated in all patients. TF was higher in PV compared to ET (p < 0.05) and platelet-neutrophil [polymorphonuclear (PMN)] aggregates were increased in ET versus PV (p < 0.05). In ET, PLA were correlated with platelet numbers (p < 0.05). In all patients, JAK2V617F allele burden was directly correlated with monocyte CD11b. Patients with JAK2V617F allele burden >50 % presented higher levels of leukocyte activation. In ET, thrombosis was associated with JAK2V617F mutation (p < 0.05, χ (2) = 5.2), increased monocyte CD11b (p < 0.05) and with platelet-PMN aggregates (p < 0.05). In ET patients, hydroxyurea does not significantly reduce the activation parameters. Our data demonstrate that JAK2V617F allele burden is directly correlated with activation parameters that drive mechanisms that favor thrombosis.

PMID:
24277659
DOI:
10.1007/s12185-013-1475-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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