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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2014 Mar;21(5):3680-5. doi: 10.1007/s11356-013-2335-0. Epub 2013 Nov 26.

Biomonitoring air quality during and after a public transportation strike in the center of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil by Tradescantia micronucleus bioassay.

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Department of Environmental Health, Laboratory of Vigilance in Environmental Health, Federal University of Uberlandia, Santa Monica Campus, Avenida João Naves de Ávila, 2121, 38.400-902, Uberlandia, Minas Gerais, Brazil,


The aim of this study was to address the lack of information concerning the air quality in the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. In this study, we conducted an unprecedented experiment involving the in situ biomonitoring of air genotoxicity in the city center during and after a public transportation strike using the Tradescantia micronucleus test. The frequency of micronuclei was significantly higher in the city center compared with the reference site (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05), with the highest MN levels being observed during public transport stoppage (Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn p < 0.01). In addition, the multiple linear regression analyses revealed that the low circulation of buses during public transport stoppage and the increase in the concentration of particulate matter from the increased flow of vehicles in the city center during the strike positively influenced the MN frequency. The climatic factors did not change during the biomonitoring period, reflecting the fact that climatic factors did not influence the MN frequency.

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