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J Surg Oncol. 2014 Mar;109(3):287-93. doi: 10.1002/jso.23498. Epub 2013 Nov 26.

Multimodal treatment of locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma: which regimen should we choose? Outcome analysis of perioperative chemotherapy versus neoadjuvant chemoradiation in 105 patients.

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Department of Surgery, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.



The study was done to compare treatment and long-term outcomes of neoadjuvant chemoradiation (neoCRT) and perioperative chemotherapy (periCTX) in patients with surgically treated esophageal adenocarcinoma.


An analysis of 105 patients with esophageal adenocarcinoma undergoing neoCRT (n = 58) or periCTX (n = 47) and esophagectomy between 2000 and 2012 was carried out.


The overall median survival was 5.97 years. Postoperative morbidity and in-hospital mortality occurred in 74%/7% of the patients the neoCRT group and in 53%/0% of the patients in the periCTX group (P = 0.03/P = 0.08). Total or subtotal histological tumor response after neoadjuvant treatment and esophagectomy was found in 59% after neoCRT and 30% after periCTX (P < 0.01). Three- and five-year survival rates were 52%/45% for neoCRT and 68%/63% for periCTX (P = 0.05). PeriCTX was identified as an independent predictor of survival (RR2.6; 95% CI 1.3-5.1; P < 0.01).


A higher rate of histologic response to neoCRT compared to histologic response following the preoperative cycles of periCTX does not translate to a benefit in overall survival. PeriCTX offers a decreased incidence of treatment-related morbidity and mortality and at least equal results in terms of survival compared to neoCRT in patients with locally advanced esophageal adenocarcinoma.


adenocarcinoma; chemoradiation; chemotherapy; esophageal cancer; esophagectomy; survival

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