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Plant Mol Biol. 1987 Nov;9(6):611-23. doi: 10.1007/BF00020537.

Characterization of a class of small auxin-inducible soybean polyadenylated RNAs.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, 55108, St. Paul, MN, USA.


Four new auxin-responsive RNAs from soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr., var. Wayne) are described. The RNAs were identified by hybridization to three cDNA probes obtained from a library enriched for sequences which increase in abundance within 60 min after 2,4-D (2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid) treatment. These RNAs appear to define a new class of small (i.e. approximately 550 nucleotides) RNAs that respond extremely rapidly to application of exogenous auxin. In excised elongating hypocotyl sections, an increase in the abundance of these RNAs can be detected 2 to 5 min after treatment with 50 μM 2,4-D. This response is half maximal after 10 min and reaches steady state in 60 min. RNA blot analysis shows that these RNAs are expressed differentially in various parts of the seedling. The degree of inducibility by auxin is also organ-specific, with the elongating hypocotyl being the most responsive of the organs tested. The RNAs display identical response specificities with one exception. Accumulation of one RNA, designated 10A, is completely abolished by simultaneous addition of cycloheximide and 2,4-D. This RNA also displays a different 2,4-D dose response than other RNAs examined. These results suggest that more than one mechanism is involved in rapid modulation of gene expression by auxin.


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