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J Exp Zool. 1986 Aug;239(2):263-75.

The releasing action of calcium upon cyclic AMP-dependent meiotic arrest in hamster oocytes.


The effect of increasing cytoplasmic calcium on cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent meiotic arrest (%GV where GV is germinal vesicle) in hamster oocytes was investigated. The hypotheses tested were that calcium is required for the spontaneous maturation of hamster oocytes, elevation of calcium in the oocyte-cumulus complex can antagonize cAMP-dependent meiotic arrest, and the intraoocyte level of cAMP remains unchanged, but heterologous metabolic coupling decreases, concomitant with calcium-stimulation of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD). Levels of cAMP were elevated by culturing cells in the presence of dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP), isobutylmethylxanthine (IBMX) or forskolin and intracellular levels of calcium were manipulated by altering the CaCl2 concentration in the medium and/or by utilizing EGTA or A23187. Intracellular cAMP was determined by RIA, functional metabolic coupling was assessed by determination of the fraction of radiolabeled uridine marker transferred from the cumulus mass to the oocyte, and meiotic stage was determined cytogenetically. Compared with the proportion of oocytes that underwent meiotic maturation in control medium containing 1.53 mM CaCl2, that of cumulus-free (denuded) oocytes was unaffected by culture in the absence of added CaCl2, while that of cumulus-enclosed (intact) oocytes was significantly decreased (%GV = 59.5 +/- 4.8 and 4.2 +/- 0.9 in 0 and 1.53 mM CaCl2, respectively, P less than 0.001, where GV is germinal vesicle). EGTA prevented, in a dose-dependent manner, the spontaneous maturation of denuded oocytes that occurred in 0 mM CaCl2 (ID50 = 0.05 mM, where ID50 is the dose of EGTA that inhibited GVBD in 50% cultured oocytes). In contrast, compared with the control, less than 1 mM EGTA failed to increase the %GV of intact oocytes, although 5 mM EGTA significantly increased meiotic arrest. The %GVBD of oocytes cultured in medium containing 0 mM CaCl2 was dose-dependent on A23187 for both intact oocytes (ID50 = 3.0 microM) and for denuded oocytes cultured in the presence of 0.5 mM EGTA (ID50 = 2.7 microM). Elevated extracellular calcium significantly antagonized dbcAMP-maintained meiotic arrest in both types of oocyte and the %GV was significantly correlated with the pH of the medium [(r) = -0.78 and -0.60 for intact and denuded oocytes, respectively, P less than 0.001 in both cases]. Both CaCl2 and A23187 induced dose-dependent antagonistic effects on forskolin-maintained meiotic arrest in intact oocytes but neither antagonism was accompanied by significant dose-dependent decreases in either the intraoocyte content of cAMP or the extent of heterologous metabolic coupling.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS).

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