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J Biol Chem. 2014 Jan 10;289(2):1183-91. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.506428. Epub 2013 Nov 25.

The c-FLIPL cleavage product p43FLIP promotes activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), and caspase-8 and T cell survival.

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From the Vermont Center for Immunology and Infectious Diseases and.


Caspase-8 is now appreciated to govern both apoptosis following death receptor ligation and cell survival and growth via inhibition of the Ripoptosome. Cells must therefore carefully regulate the high level of caspase-8 activity during apoptosis versus the modest levels observed during cell growth. The caspase-8 paralogue c-FLIP is a good candidate for a molecular rheostat of caspase-8 activity. c-FLIP can inhibit death receptor-mediated apoptosis by competing with caspase-8 for recruitment to FADD. However, full-length c-FLIPL can also heterodimerize with caspase-8 independent of death receptor ligation and activate caspase-8 via an activation loop in the C terminus of c-FLIPL. This triggers cleavage of c-FLIPL at Asp-376 by caspase-8 to produce p43FLIP. The continued function of p43FLIP has, however, not been determined. We demonstrate that acute deletion of endogenous c-FLIP in murine effector T cells results in loss of caspase-8 activity and cell death. The lethality and caspase-8 activity can both be rescued by the transgenic expression of p43FLIP. Furthermore, p43FLIP associates with Raf1, TRAF2, and RIPK1, which augments ERK and NF-κB activation, IL-2 production, and T cell proliferation. Thus, not only is c-FLIP the initiator of caspase-8 activity during T cell activation, it is also an initial caspase-8 substrate, with cleaved p43FLIP serving to both stabilize caspase-8 activity and promote activation of pathways involved with T cell growth.


Apoptosis; Caspase; Cell Proliferation; FLIP; Molecular Cell Biology; T Cell

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