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Emerg Med Clin North Am. 2014 Feb;32(1):223-43. doi: 10.1016/j.emc.2013.09.009.

Marine envenomations.

Author information

1
Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, 1830 East Monument Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. Electronic address: kbalhar1@jhmi.edu.

Abstract

This article describes the epidemiology and presentation of human envenomation from marine organisms. Venom pathophysiology, envenomation presentation, and treatment options are discussed for sea snake, stingray, spiny fish, jellyfish, octopus, cone snail, sea urchin, and sponge envenomation. The authors describe the management of common exposures that cause morbidity as well as the keys to recognition and treatment of life-threatening exposures.

KEYWORDS:

C fleckeri; Irukandji syndrome; Jellyfish; Marine antivenom; Marine envenomation; Physalia physalis; Spiny fish; Stingray

PMID:
24275176
DOI:
10.1016/j.emc.2013.09.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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