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J Adolesc Health. 2014 Jun;54(6):684-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.003. Epub 2013 Nov 22.

Electronic cigarette use among Korean adolescents: a cross-sectional study of market penetration, dual use, and relationship to quit attempts and former smoking.

Author information

1
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
2
Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California. Electronic address: glantz@medicine.ucsf.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

As elsewhere, in South Korea electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are marketed, in part, as a smoking cessation aid. We assessed the prevalence of e-cigarette use among Korean adolescents and the relationship between e-cigarette use and current (past 30-day) smoking, cigarettes/day, attempts to quit conventional cigarettes, and ceasing to use cigarettes.

METHODS:

Data from the 2011 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey of 75,643 students aged 13-18 years were analyzed with logistic regression.

RESULTS:

A total of 9.4% (8.0% ever-dual users who were concurrently using e-cigarettes and smoking conventional cigarettes and 1.4% ever-e-cigarette only users) of Korean adolescents have ever used e-cigarettes and 4.7% were current (past 30-day) e-cigarette users (3.6% dual users and 1.1% e-cigarettes only). After adjusting for demographics, current cigarette smokers were much more likely to use e-cigarettes than were nonsmokers. Among current cigarette smokers, those who smoked more frequently were more likely to be current e-cigarette users. The odds of being an e-cigarette user were 1.58 times (95% confidence interval, 1.39-1.79) higher among students who had made an attempt to quit than for those who had not. It was rare for students no longer using cigarettes to be among current e-cigarette users (odds ratio, .10; confidence interval, .09-.12).

CONCLUSIONS:

Some Korean adolescents may be responding to advertising claims that e-cigarettes are a cessation aid: those who had made an attempt to quit were more likely to use e-cigarettes but less likely to no longer use cigarettes. E-cigarette use was strongly associated with current and heavier cigarette smoking.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Dual use; Electronic cigarettes; Electronic nicotine delivery systems; Smoking; Smoking cessation; Tobacco

PMID:
24274973
PMCID:
PMC4031306
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.11.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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