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BMC Res Notes. 2013 Nov 25;6:485. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-6-485.

Association of activated partial thromboplastin time and fibrinogen level in patients with type II diabetes mellitus.

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Kathmandu University School of Science, Dhulikhel, Kavre, Nepal.



Patients with diabetes mellitus have a high risk of atherothrombotic events. Diabetes contributes for initiation and progression of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Shortened activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) values may reflect hypercoaguable state, which is associated with increased thrombotic risk and adverse cardiovascular events. Increased level of fibrinogen is common in type II diabetes. The present study was conducted to study the aPTT and fibrinogen levels in diabetics in a tertiary care Teaching Hospital of Nepal.


Observational study was performed at out-patients visiting Pathology Department at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital from August 5 to September 7, 2012. Research protocol was approved by Institutional Review Board at Tribhuvan University Institute of Medicine. Altogether 90 people who came to the hospital during study period and who met inclusion criteria were selected, out of which 72 were diabetics and 18 were normal controls. Diabetic cases were identified via verbal interview with patients themselves and review of laboratory findings and diagnosis performed by their physicians. Diabetics with a diabetic history of more than one year and stabilized with antidiabetic medicines such as insulin, metformin, glibenclamide, and gliclazide and diabetics with controlled diabetes as revealed by HbA1c in the range 6.2-7% were taken for the study purpose. Data were analyzed with chi square test and Fischer's exact test (when each cell frequency was less than 5) using Statistical Package for Social Sciences 17.


Maximum (53; 73.6%) diabetics and all non-diabetics had aPTT in the range 26-40 seconds. Maximum (51; 70.8%) patients had fibrinogen beyond 351 whereas all non-diabetics had fibrinogen in the range 151-350. Mean aPTT values of the diabetic patients and non-diabetic persons were 29.88 ± 4.89 seconds and 32.44 ± 2.25 seconds respectively. Mean fibrinogen values of the diabetic patients and non-diabetic persons were 388.57 ± 60.90 mg/dL and 320.89 ± 10.20 mg/dL respectively. Test data identified in results were statistically significant for aPTT (p value 0.000) and fibrinogen (p value 0.000) between the diabetics and non-diabetics.


Diabetics have an increased level of fibrinogen and relatively shortened aPTT as compared to the non-diabetic patients.

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